The world’s deadliest animal is not the shark, the tiger, or even the human being. It is the tiny pest flying around your home that is constantly buzzing around. This deadliest creature is known as the mosquito. What makes mosquitoes so deadly? Mosquitoes transport disease from one person to another. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), every year, there are more than 725,000 people around the world who are killed by mosquito-borne diseases.
World Deadliest Animal
One of the common mosquito-borne disease is called Dengue which is spread by the Aedes mosquito. According to the statistics, the number of Dengue cases from January to March 2020 was 33,936 cases with 48 death cases in Malaysia. Symptoms shown for those who were infected by dengue are high fever, severe headache, severe pain behind the eyes, and mild bleeding (gums, nose, and bruising easily).
Mosquitoes are active during dawn and dusk and usually found in areas with mature vegetation as it is their food source to get enough nourishment for both males and females in order for them to live. However, females need blood meals to produce eggs and the blood usually come from humans and other animals.
Source reduction and environmental management are the best approaches for providing long-term solutions to a number of mosquito problems. The control of dengue fever can be done by using source reduction in order to get rid of unwanted containers. Thus, it is highly effective to prevent the mosquito from breeding. Mosquitoes lay their eggs in standing water but their eggs won’t survive in moving water.
For the control of adult mosquitoes, the use of chemical insecticidal adulticide in the form of space spray formulations (thermal fogging and ultra-low volume sprays) against vectors is routinely carried out in the prevention and control of dengue fever outbreak. Studies on chemical larvicides including insect growth regulator (IGR) have shown that mosquitoes larvae stop turning into an adult.
To mitigate the spread of COVID-19 during the Movement Control Order (MCO), use the time to find the mosquito breeding in and around your home. In this way, you can help protect your place and keep your loved ones safe.